Audioconferencing is a synchronous technology that requires same−time participation, and ideally same−place participation. Students can gather in small face−to−face groups and be linked as groups, rather than as individuals, via the telephone. Audioconferencing adds a level of interaction and discourse to the distance learning environment, although at the cost of some learner independence and flexibility. This trade−off needs to be carefully considered before committing to using audioconferencing as part of any educational programme. There are, of course, alternatives such as email lists and Internet discussion/bulletin boards, which facilitate interaction and discourse without restricting learner independence and flexibility to the same degree.

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Dr. Hussein Abdelfatah © Copyright 2016, All Rights Reserved